Sentence Pattern

In our view, Teaching is an Art. The duty of a Teacher lies in the art of dissecting the world to the students and enabling them to face the challenges that crop up in each of their lives. A good teacher selflessly imparts wisdom to the students.

The three P’s define an inspiring Teacher –

  • Passion
  • Preparation
  • Presentation

In olden days, teaching was never meant to be a profession. It was a mission. A Teacher was called an “Acharya” – one who sets up standards of conduct and standards of living. Influence of western culture has totally corroded the system of education and has now turned students to be mere learners and not thinkers. This stagnates their growth and turns them into machines rather than human beings.

In our perspective, teaching is otherwise simplifying complex concepts into understandable ideas. The following part depicts how a grammar item “Sentence pattern” can be taught in a simple way:                            


 A pattern or a structure makes anything beautiful. English language is known for its uniqueness in its structure . The basic patterns of sentences are – SV, SVO, SVOA, SVIODO, SVC, SVOC and SAVC.

Let us learn the basic components.

  1. Subject – Doer of the action (or) about what we speak of


  • Ravi plays cricket.
  • PSGCAS is an esteemed Institution.
  1. Verb – Generally it is an action word.Verbs are mainly divided into two.
  • Main verbs – otherwise called as the action Jumping, playing, eating.
  • Helping verbs or Auxiliaries – helps the main verbs. These are divided into :

Primary auxiliaries

  • Forms of ‘be’- is,was,are,were,am
  • Forms of ‘do’- do, does, did
  • Forms of ‘have’- has, have, had

Secondary auxiliaries or Modal verbs or Quasi models – They are 13 in number.

  • can – could
  • shall – should
  • will – would
  • may – might

+Need, ought to, must, used to, dare – (Clue – ‘NO MUD’)


  • Sita is playing the Guitar.

Is – Helping verb, playing – Main verb

In the absence of action words, helping verb will act main verb.

  • Sita is a Musician.

Is – main verb

  1. Object – receiver of the action. Object can be either,
  • Direct Object – answers the question ‘what?’
  • Indirect Object – answers the question ‘whom?’


  • Rama gave Sita a gift.

IO    DO

  1. Adjunct or Adverbial – Answers the questions –‘How,when,where,why’.

These are additional units which are optional, the removal of which will not affect the meaning totally.


  • Ravi eats slowly. (Answers ‘how’)
  • In May 2017 we will write final semester exams wonderfully.    (When)                                                                         (How)
  1. Complement – This completes the meaning in a sentence, the removal of which will affect the meaning. A complement will either be an adjective or a noun. A complement will find place as follows :
  • After ‘forms of be’ acting as main verbs.

Eg: Babu is an Engineer.

Is – main verb, an engineer – complement

  • After link verbs like ‘appear, look, become, feel, seem, grow’
  • The rainbow looks beautiful.
  • I feel tired.
  • After objects followed after the long list of verbs –‘Make, appoint, elect, select, find, judge, prove, choose, nominate, name, call, baptize, paint, get, etc…
  • The BCCI appointed Dhoni the captain.
  • We called him boss.

Basic sentence patterns (with a tale to make it easier )

SV             – Dhoni played

SVO          – Dhoni played cricket

SVOA       – Dhoni played cricket wonderfully

SVIODO   – Dhoni gave her daughter a bat

SVC          – Dhoni is a cricketer

SVOC       –Dhoni made his daughter a cricketer

SAVC       – Dhoni always feels happy

VC            – Be happy

VO            – Play cricket

VOA         – Play cricket happily


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